Tutorial: Drawing skin tones with colored pencils
When I started drawing, I remember searching and searching for tutorials, tips or methods, and never finding exactly what I was looking for. Especially for drawing skin. Even though there is a ton of “tutorials” on the internet, they are either too complicated, or missing crucial points (intentionally or unintentionally!). Or they are not about photorealistic drawings. So, I decided to share all my personal tips, most of which I found out by myself, through trial and error. I strongly believe that knowledge should be shared and not kept to ourselves, so here we go!
Drawing realistic skin with colored pencils can be tricky for many reasons. Colored pencils cannot be actually mixed, strictly speaking, color combinations are possible through many individual layers. That might sound complicated, but you know me guys, I am notorious for always searching for the fastest/easiest way possible. And I tried to simplify the process so that it can be beginner friendly. And you can actually create amazing realistic skintones!
It all starts with basic color theory. I will skip the details here. Suffice to say that skin color can be broken down to three individual tonal values: highlights, midtones and shadows. So, we basically need three different colors to create these tonal values. Next question is how to choose these colors. I have drawn too many portraits and when I look at my reference I can pretty much say which colors match it. If you are a beginner, the task might seem intimidating. But I can guarantee this: It doesn’t matter which colors you will choose. As long as you stick to three colors only, your drawing will be consistent and potentially fabulous! 😉
For this drawing of Amanda Seyfried I chose three different shades of brown/pink. They are 1) cinnamon (faber-castell polychromos) for the highlights, 2) burnt carmine (Lyra Rembrandt polycolor) for the mid-tones and 3) van-dyke brown (Lyra Rembrandt polycolor) for the shadows. As mentioned before, you don’t need to use the exact same colors, and of course brands don’t matter. (Here I created a piece with kids colored pencils)
After choosing my palette, I take my lightest shade (cinnamon=highlights) and shade the whole area as uniformI fly as I can. At the same time I try to concentrate the color to the darkest parts of the drawing. This way I create the base, the lightest parts of the skin.
After that I move to the medium shade (burnt carmine) and I pretty much do the same. Shade the whole area, except for the very light parts. Again I try to be as uniform as I can and I concentrate the color to the darker parts.
Then again I do the same with the darkest shade (Van-Dyke brown).
And that’s all! Optionally you can go back and forth using your three colors, in order to create a seemless transition between the different skin tones.
And you are done. This is the easiest way (as far as I am aware of) to create beautiful, realistic skin tones.
Additional tips on drawing skin
- In reality, I (almost) never use only three colors. Although three colors can do wonders. Most times I use additional shades of red to warm up my drawing or shades of green and blue to mute down my skin tones. You can read more here, this is an older, slightly more advanced tutorial of mine, but the basic idea is the same.
- As stated before, the point is to create a beautiful drawing, not make an exact copy of the reference image. Do not worry if your colors do not match the reference photo. As long as you are consistent and use the same colors throughout the whole artwork, your drawing will be consistent and beautiful, just slightly different.
- Also do not be afraid of “crazy” colors. Apart from the obvious skin colors, oranges, pinks, reds and browns, skin consists of blues and greens as well. And to be honest adding green or/blue can produce more interesting results, can give “dimension” to your skin. Otherwise, even though it is colored, your skin might look flat. For example if you use three shades of brown, the drawing will be monochromatic, the equivalent of using three shades of gray (just like graphite drawings).
- To darken a part of the skin even further, you can use black VERY CAREFULLY. Keep in mind that using black cancels color, so try to keep these parts more saturated, add more color to them.
I know I didn’t cover everything, I kept a lot of things out, like blending and creating textured skin. But this is supposed to be an easy, beginner-friendly tutorial. I will cover these issues in a future tutorial.
And for those who prefer a video tutorial you can check this one out: